The origins of the city of Genoa are ancient and still obscure. City founded by the Ligurians whose history began in 205 a. C., the year when the Carthaginian Magone invaded it from the sea and sacked it, destroying it, because of his friendship with Rome. It was the Romans with Spurio Lucrezio who brought 8000 workers to Genoa in order to rebuild the city and equip it with a protective wall. Genoa became the commercial and maritime center of Liguria. It was conquered and destroyed by the Longobard Rotari and was part of the empire of Carlo Magno. Normans and Saracens often had sight on the Ligurian port, but Genoa always defended himself with courage, famous the battle where they sacked and made numerous prisoners. The "Genovesi" did not give up and defeated the Saracens to the island of Asinara, returning in possession of the assets and freeing the prisoners.
The "Genovesi" during the Crusades participated in the expeditions in the Holy Land with considerable impetus to conquer new markets in the East. To guide them was William Embriaco who effectively contributed to the conquest of Jerusalem.
Genoa always remained one of the greatest commercial and economic centers of Europe despite the quarrels among the many noble families of the city, each of which had a small portion of the town with its palaces, its square and its church. The financial power of the city reached its peak in 500, thanks to the alliance between Andrea Doria and the emperor Charles V, where his political situation was such as to make it a real power capable of lending money to the major governments, from the curia Roman to the Spanish Empire, to the great European courts. Thus began a period of great splendor and wealth. It was during this period that Genoa embellished with extraordinary buildings and works of art of great value.
Mazzini, Garibaldi, Cavour, are among the names of the historical figures who gave life to the unity of Italy. From that moment the history of Genoa was closely linked to that of Italy, with the outbreak of the First World War, the advent of fascism with the construction of the Great Genoa and with the second world war of which the city still bears the scars.
After World War II Genoa turned to industry. This is how ironworks, steel mills, basic industries and sugar factories come into being, while the important shipbuilding sector is gaining strength. However, heavy industry remains the most important for the entire second half of the century. In this period the city expands occupying the two side valleys, the Bisagno and the Val Polcevera, and the coast, and reaching, in the thirties, its current profile.
You will see a royal city, leaning against an alpine hill, superb for men and for walls, whose only aspect is the Lady of the Sea (F.Petrarca).